Shamakhi is the ancient capital of Azerbaijan, a city located in the southern part of the Greater Caucasus, on the Baku-Tbilisi highway, 122 kilometers from Baku and 72 kilometers north-east from the Kurdamir railway station. Shamakhi lies at an altitude of 800 meters above sea level. The area in which the city is located abounds in mountain forests and meadows. Most of the area is a resort area with many springs of mountain water, which makes the city interesting from a tourist point of view and attracts investment here.
Lahij is a village, named after the lahij tribe who came here in the 4-5th centuries from the territory of Iran. This historical and architectural monument was built in the 5th century on the territory of the canyon of the Girdimanchay river. Here preserved ancient mosques and baths, medieval water supply and sewage system.
You will visit during the Shamakhi – Lahij tour:
Diri-Baba is a unique monument, a two-story mausoleum of the 15th century, located on the road from Baku to Shamakhi in the village of Maraza opposite the old cemetery. For a long time, residents believed that a saint by the name of Diri-Baba was buried in this place and remained incorruptible. However, many legends and mystical details are associated with this monument. Therefore, already from the 17th century, it began to attract many pilgrims and ordinary travelers. The peculiarity of the building is that the architect as if “built-in” the tomb in the rock, and it seems as if she is holding herself “on weight,” cut off from the ground. The tomb admires the severity of architecture, the purity of the lines, and against the irregularities of the dark rock, the light and smooth surface of its walls, standing out, seems solemn.
The mosque has a unique architecture – its huge prayer hall is divided into three independent sections connected by wide open apertures. Each part has a separate mihrab and entrance.
After significant damage to the mosque during wars and earthquakes, it was repeatedly reconstructed, and the modern look was already in the 20th century. The mosque was practically rebuilt, but it remained on the old foundation and preserved the basic principles of the structure. It also has three halls, the central building is blocked by a vast dome, and two side rooms are smaller with domes; under the central dome, there is a belt of windows decorated with openwork grilles. The whole facade is decorated with ornamental decor.
Yeddi Gumbez Mausoleum or “Seven Domes,” whose appearance dates back to the 15th century, is located at the foot of the Gulistan fortress. So popularly called the tomb of the Shirvan rulers in Shamakhi. Notable representatives from the Shirvanshah dynasty are buried here. Seven domes – just as many tombstones are in the crypt.
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